Abstract

  • Amarna, the forgotten capital of historical Egypt, was established by Pharaoh Akhenaten and devoted to the worship of the god Aten.
  • The town was rapidly deserted after Akhenaten’s dying, and his son Tutankhamun reopened the temples to the traditional gods, resulting in the capital’s demise.
  • Amarna is now an in depth archaeological website, situated far off the vacationer route, however presents a glimpse into life in the course of the New Kingdom of Egypt.

Over its very lengthy historical past, Egypt has had many capitals (the primary was Tjenu aka Thinis, a city that is still lost). Probably the most well-known historical Egyptian capitals had been Memphis, Thebes (trendy Luxor), and Alexandria. One of many forgotten capitals of Egypt was Amarna or Akhetaten, and immediately it’s a giant Historic Egyptian archeological website with the intensive stays of the outdated capital.

Amarna was the capital of Egypt for less than a technology. At the moment, Cairo is the capital of Egypt (it’s the longest-running capital within the nation’s historical past) and is situated near the historic capital of Memphis by the Great Pyramids of Giza. What occurred to Amarna, Egypt? This is what to know.

Historical past Of Amarna: The Forgotten Capital Of Historic Egypt Devoted To Aten


Tombs of the pharaohs in Amarna
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Tombs of the pharaohs in Amarna

Amarna was established in 1346 BC in the course of the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten (additionally known as Amenhotep IV). Amarna or Akhenaten was established by Akhenaten on a virgin piece of land on the east financial institution of the Nile.

The brand new capital was a brand new metropolis constructed from the bottom up devoted to the worship of the Aten.

Pharaoh Akhenaten was one of the crucial uncommon rulers within the historical past of Egypt. Historic Egypt’s faith is legendary for its many gods, however for a short time in the course of the reign of Akhenaten Egypt grew to become monotheistic and solely worshipped the god Aten. The traditional identify for town was “Akhetaten” which means “the horizon of the Aten.”

The town was begun within the fifth 12 months of Pharaoh Akhenaten’s reign. To construct the capital sooner, many of the buildings within the metropolis had been constructed out of adobe (mud-brick) after which whitewashed. An important buildings within the new metropolis had been confronted with stone.


Ruins of Palace in Amarna in Egypt
Sergey-73 / Shutterstock

 Ruins of Palace in Amarna in Egypt

Amarna was to not final. Simply as rapidly as town was constructed, it was additionally deserted. Posterity was not sort to Pharaoh Akhenaten who grew to become generally known as the ‘heretic’ pharaoh.

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Tutankhamun Deserted The Capital At Amarna

The monotheistic worship of Aten didn’t persist after the dying of Pharaoh Akhenaten. Round 4 years after the dying of Pharaoh Akhenaten, his son Tutankhamun (famous for his intact tomb) reopened the temples to the traditional gods and deserted the capital at Amarna circa 1332 BC.

The location was then deserted and slowly misplaced to historical past because the capital returned to Thebes (trendy Luxor).

Evidently the positioning could have been not less than partly used for just a few years (maybe as a quarry for constructing supplies) however then was deserted. The location was then left untouched for over a thousand years till a settlement was established there in the course of the Roman interval.


Tutankhamun's sarcophagus at the Tutankhamun exhibition
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Tutankhamun’s sarcophagus on the Tutankhamun exhibition¬†

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What To Know About Visiting The Historic Amarna Archeological Web site

At present, Amarna is the biggest readily accessible residing website relationship from Historic Egypt. It’s now among the finest locations in Egypt to find what life was like in the course of the New Kingdom of Egypt. That being stated, it’s situated far off the standard vacationer route and few individuals trouble to go to.

Amarna is situated between Cairo (approx 195 miles to the north) and Luxor (approx. 250 miles to the south). Guests can see the stays of a number of the vital monuments of town, together with temples to Aten just like the Nice Temple of the Aten and the Small Aten Temple, in addition to palaces such because the Nice Royal Palace and the Royal Residence.

Tombs will also be discovered dug into the hills within the desert to the east of town (these additionally appear to have been hurriedly constructed).

Notable Ruins At Amarna:

  • The Nice Temple of the Aten
  • Small Aten Temple
  • The Nice Royal Palace
  • Royal Residence
  • North Tombs
  • Royal Tombs

The archeological website has been exceptional for the invention of some 300 cuneiform tablets that provide a peek into the overseas affairs of Egypt in the course of the interval. The rock-cut pill known as the Boundary Stela U was additionally found there, and it lays out Akhenaten’s imaginative and prescient for the ill-fated metropolis.

  • Customer Heart Opening Hours: 8:00 am to 4:00 pm

Hieroglyphs based on the mythology of ancient Egypt
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Hieroglyphs based mostly on the mythology of historical Egypt

Guests should purchase their tickets for entrance to the tombs on the highway to the North Tombs and discover this huge however ignored archeological website. The customer heart has various scale fashions of a number of the historical buildings. It helps guests acquire an understanding of what Amarna would have regarded like when it was briefly the capital of Egypt.

For extra details about visiting, seek advice from the Amarna Project website and the University of Cambridge.



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